Zaporizhia (Ukrainian: Запорі́жжя Zaporižžja), or Zaporozhye (Russian: Запоро́жье Zaporozh'ye, formerly Alexandrovsk (Russian: Алекса́ндровск) is a city in southeastern Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper River. It is the administrative center of the Zaporizhia Oblast. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and serves as an administrative center of Zaporizhia Raion, though it does not belong to the raion. Currently the city is the sixth largest in Ukraine.
The city is located in south-eastern Ukraine and lies along banks of the Dnieper river now. The city covers 334 km2 at an elevation of 50 m above sea level.
In the middle of the city there is the 12 km × 2 km (7.5 mi × 1.2 mi) island of Khortytsia, which splits the river into two streams called the New and Old Dnieper. The New Dnieper is about 2600 feet (792.48 meters) wide and the Old Dnieper is about 650 feet (198.12 meters). There are also several small rivers in the city, which enter the Dnieper: Sukha and Mokra Moskovka, Kushuhum, and Verkhnia Khortytsia.
The flora of Khortytsia island is unique and healthy because of dry steppe air and a lot of fresh water around which protects the island from the polluted air of the heavy industrial city . Khortytsia Island is a national park with a large number of large ravines called "balka", hiking routes and historical monuments. The island is a very popular recreational area for both kids and adults and has a large number of sanatoriums, resorts and health centers. There are comfortable sand beaches for swimming and other water activities here as well.