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Town class light cruiser

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HMS Liverpool

HMS Liverpool (C11) at sea on February 28th 1942.

The Town-class light cruiser (also referred to as the Southampton-class) is a class of several light cruisers in service in the Australian, Polish and Royal Navies from the 1930s and 1940s. The Town-class cruiser were designed to the constraints imposed by the London Naval Treaty of 1930. The ships were built in three distinct sub-classes, the Southampton, Gloucester and Edinburgh classes respectively, each sub-class adding on further weaponry.

The Town-class cruisers were also the first British cruisers to not be armed with torpedo tubes.

Before the war, Australia would build six of the Edinburgh-subclass for the RAN. Two Town-class cruisers were also built in the 1940s for the Polish Navy in exile.

SpecificationsEdit

Southampton-subclassEdit

  • Type: Light Cruiser
  • Service Period: 1937-1959
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 591 feet 7.2 inches (180.32 meters)
    • Beam: 62 feet 3.6 inches (18.99 meters)
    • Draught: 20 feet 7.2 inches (6.28 meters)
    • Displacement: 9,100 tons (Standard); 11,350 tons (Full Load)
  • Crew: 748
  • Propulsion: 4 x Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 4 x Parsons shaft geared turbines, 75,000 shp
  • Range: 5,300 nautical miles (9,816 kilometers) at 13 knots (24.08 km/h)
  • Speed: 32 knots (59.26 km/h)
  • Armament:
    • 12 x BL 6"/50-caliber Mk.XXIII naval guns
    • 8 x QF 4"/45-caliber Mk.XVI dual purpose naval guns
    • 32 x QF 2pdr Mk.VIII anti-aircraft guns - replaced by Bofors 40mm/60-caliber anti-aircraft guns
  • Armour:
    • Main belt: 4.5 inches (114 mm)
    • Main turrets: 4 inches (102 mm)
    • Decks over magazines: 3 inches (76 mm)
    • Decks over machinery: 2 inches (51 mm)
    • Bulkheads: 2.5 inches (63.5 mm)
  • Aircraft Carried: 2 x Supermarine Walrus flying boats
  • Aviation Facilities: 1 x catapult

Gloucester-subclassEdit

  • Type: Light Cruiser
  • Service Period: 1937-1959
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 591 feet 7.2 inches (180.32 meters)
    • Beam: 64 feet 10.inches (19.76 meters)
    • Draught: 20 feet 7.2 inches (6.28 meters)
    • Displacement: 9,400 tons (Full Load); 11,930 tons (Full Load)
  • Crew: 800
  • Propulsion: 4 x Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 4 x Parsons shaft geared turbines, 82,500 shp
  • Range: 5,300 nautical miles (9,816 kilometers) at 13 knots (24.08 km/h)
  • Speed: 32.25 knots (59.73 km/h)
  • Armament:
    • 12 x BL 6"/50-caliber Mk.XXIII naval guns
    • 8 x QF 4"/45-caliber Mk.XVI dual purpose naval guns
    • 32 x QF 2pdr Mk.VIII anti-aircraft guns - replaced by Bofors 40mm/60-caliber anti-aircraft guns
  • Armour:
    • Main belt: 4.5 inches (114 mm)
    • Main turrets: 4 inches (102 mm)
    • Decks over magazines: 3 inches (76 mm)
    • Decks over machinery: 2 inches (51 mm)
    • Bulkheads: 2.5 inches (63.5 mm)
  • Aircraft Carried: 2 x Supermarine Walrus flying boats
  • Aviation Facilities: 1 x catapult

Edinburgh-subclassEdit

  • Type: Light Cruiser
  • Service Period: 1937-1959
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 613 feet 7.2 inches (187.03 meters)
    • Beam: 64 feet 10.8 inches (19.78 meters)
    • Draught: 22 feet 7.2 inches (6.89 meters)
    • Displacement: 10,420 tons (Standard); 13,175 tons (Standard)
  • Crew: 831
  • Propulsion: 4 x Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 4 x Parsons shaft geared turbines, 82,500 shp
  • Range: 8,664 nautical miles (16,046 kilometers) at 13 knots (24.08 km/h)
  • Speed: 32.25 knots (59.73 km/h)
  • Armament:
    • 12 x BL 6"/50-caliber Mk.XXIII naval guns
    • 12 x QF 4"/45-caliber Mk.XVI dual purpose naval guns
    • 32 x QF 2pdr Mk.VIII anti-aircraft guns - replaced by Bofors 40mm/60-caliber anti-aircraft guns
  • Armour:
    • Main belt: 4.5 inches (114 mm)
    • Main turrets: 4 inches (102 mm)
    • Decks over magazines: 3 inches (76 mm)
    • Decks over machinery: 2 inches (51 mm)
    • Bulkheads: 2.5 inches (63.5 mm)
  • Aircraft Carried: 2 x Supermarine Walrus flying boats
  • Aviation Facilities: 1 x catapult

Unit RunEdit

Royal NavyEdit

Southampton variantEdit

  • HMS Birmingham (C19)
  • HMS Glasgow (C21)
  • HMS Sheffield (C24)
  • HMS Newcastle (C76)
  • HMS Southampton (C83)

Gloucester VariantEdit

  • HMS Liverpool (C11)
  • HMS Manchester (C15)
  • HMS Gloucester (C62)

Edinburgh variantEdit

Royal Australian NavyEdit

  • HMAS Hamilton (D86)
  • HMAS Brisbane (D87)
  • HMAS Newcastle (D88)
  • HMAS Darwin (D89)
  • HMAS Alice Springs (D90)
  • HMAS Cooktown (D91)

Polish NavyEdit

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