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Spanish Navy

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The Spanish Navy (Spanish: Armada Española) is the maritime branch of the Spanish Armed Forces and one of the oldest active naval forces in the world. The Armada is responsible for notable achievements in world history such as the discovery of Americas, the first world circumnavigation, and the discovery of a maritime path from East Asia to the Americas across the Pacific Ocean. The formerly "South Sea" was named Pacific Ocean by Fernando de Magallanes in 1520 because of the calm or "pacific" seas the expedition encountered.

For three centuries the Spanish Navy played a crucial defensive and logistical role within the Spanish Empire. It formed part of a vast trade network that sailed the Pacific from Asia to America and the Atlantic from America to Europe escorting the galleon convoys. The Spanish Navy was the most powerful maritime force in the world in the 16th and early 17th centuries. Wide-ranging reforms under the new Bourbon dynasty improved its logistical and military capacity in the 18th century, for much of which Spain possessed the world's third-largest navy and, by combining with the allied Marine Royale, rivaled Britain for naval supremacy until Trafalgar.

As of 2013, the Armada has 44,000 personnel, and the total displacement of the navy is approximately 300,000 tons. The main bases of the Spanish Navy are located in Rota, El Ferrol, San Fernando and Cartagena.

List of Ships of the Spanish NavyEdit

  • Principe de Asturias-class Light Carrier (1) - 1988
  • Galicia-class Amphibious Transport Dock (2) - 1998
    • ESPS Galicia (L-51)
    • ESPS Castilla (L-52)
  • LCM-1E-class Landing Craft (14) - 2001
    • L-601
    • L-602
    • L-603
    • L-604
    • L-605
    • L-606
    • L-607
    • L-608
    • L-609
    • L-610
    • L-611
    • L-612
    • L-613
    • L-614
  • Juan Carlos I-class Amphibious Assault Ship (1) - 2010
    • ESPS Juan Carlos I (L-61)
  • Santa Maria-class (Lupo-class) Frigate (6) - 1986
    • ESPS Santa María (FM 81)
    • ESPS Victoria (FM 82)
    • ESPS Numancia (FM 83)
    • ESPS Reina Sofía (FM 84)
    • ESPS Navarra (FM 85)
    • ESPS Canarias (FM 86)
  • Buenaventura-class Guided Missile Frigate (8) - 1995
    • ESPS Buenaventura (FM 91)
    • ESPS Concordia (FM 92)
    • ESPS Edetana (FM 93)
    • ESPS Valiente (FM 94)
    • ESPS Prosperidad (FM 95)
    • ESPS Animosa (FM 96)
    • ESPS Vigilante (FM 97)
    • ESPS Constancia (FM 98)
  • Álvaro de Bazán-class Guided Missile Frigate (7) - 2002
    • ESPS Álvaro de Bazán (FM 101)
    • ESPS Almirante Juan de Borbón (FM 102)
    • ESPS Blas de Lezo (FM 103)
    • ESPS Méndez Núñez (FM 104)
    • ESPS Cristóbal Colón (FM 105)
    • ESPS Juan de Austria (FM 106)
    • ESPS Roger de Lauria (FM 107)
  • Descubierta-class Corvette (8) - 1980
    • ESPS Descubierta (K-31)
    • ESPS Diana (K-32)
    • ESPS Infanta Elena (K-33)
    • ESPS Infanta Cristina (K-34)
    • ESPS Cazadora (K-35)
    • ESPS Vencedora (K-36)
    • ESPS Centinela (K-37)
    • ESPS Serviola (K-38)
  • Galerna-class (Agosta class) Attack Submarine (4) - 1983
    • ESPS Galerna (S-71)
    • ESPS Siroco (S-72)
    • ESPS Mistral (S-73)
    • ESPS Tramontana (S-74)
  • S80-class Hunter Killer Submarine (6 UC) -
    • ESPS Isaac Peral (S-81) - under construction
    • ESPS Narciso Monturiol (S-82) - under construction
    • ESPS Cosme Garcia (S-83) - under construction
    • ESPS Mateo García de los Reyes (S-84) - under construction
    • ESPS Unnamed (S-85) - planned for construction
    • ESPS Unnamed (S-86) - planned for construction
  • Castor-class Hydrographic Survey Vessel (1) - 1974
    • ESPS Antares (A-23)
  • Malaspina-class Hydrographic Survey Vessel (2) - 1975
    • ESPS Malaspina (A-31)
    • ESPS Tofiño (A-32)
  • Circos-class Tug (1) - 1981
    • ESPS Mahón (A-51)
  • Modified Circos-class Oceanographic Research Vessel (1) - 1981
    • ESPS Las Palmas (A-52)
  • Contramaestre Casado-class Transport Ship (1) - 1982
    • ESPS Contramaestre Casado (A-01)
  • Guardiamarina-class Training Vessel (4) - 1983
    • ESPS Contramaestre Navarrete (A-82)
    • ESPS Contramaestre Sánchez Fernández (A-83)
    • ESPS Contramaestre Antero (A-84)
    • ESPS Contramaestre Lamadrid (A-85)
  • Punta Amer-class Tug (1) - 1987
    • ESPS La Graña (A-53)
  • Amatista'-class Tug (1) - 1988
    • ESPS Mar Caribe (A-101)
  • Neptuno-class Search and Rescue Vessel (1) - 1988
    • ESPS Neptuno (A-20)
  • Hespérides-class Polar Research Vessel (1) - 1991
    • ESPS Hespérides (A-33)
  • Modified Darss-class Electronic Warfare Ship (1) - 1992
    • ESPS Alerta (A-111)
  • Patiño-class Replenishment Oiler (1) - 1995
    • ESPS Patiño (A-14)
  • El Camino Español-class Transport Ship (1) - 1999
    • ESPS El Camino Español (A-05)
  • Martín Posadillo-class Transport Ship (1) - 2000
    • ESPS Martín Posadillo (A-04)
  • Rodman 1250-class Transportable Hydrographic Survey Boats (2) - 2001
    • ESPS Astrolabio (A-91)
    • ESPS Escandallo (A-92)
  • Rodman 66-class Training Vessel (4) - 2006
    • ESPS Guardiamarina Barrutia (A-121)
    • ESPS Guardiamarina Chereguini (A-122)
    • ESPS Guardiamarina Rull (A-123)
    • ESPS Guardiamarina Salas (A-124)
  • Catabria-class Replenishment Oiler (1) - 2010
    • ESPS Cantabria (A-15)
  • Segura-class Mine hunter (6) - 1998
    • ESPS Segura (M-31)
    • ESPS Sella (M-32)
    • ESPS Tambre (M-33)
    • ESPS Turia (M-34)
    • ESPS Duero (M-35)
    • ESPS Tajo (M-36)
  • Anaga-class Patrol Boat (10) - 1980
    • ESPS Anaga (P-21)
    • ESPS Tagomago (P-22)
    • ESPS Marola (P-23)
    • ESPS Mouro (P-24)
    • ESPS Grosa (P-25)
    • ESPS Medas (P-26)
    • ESPS Izaro (P-27)
    • ESPS Tabarca (P-28)
    • ESPS Deva (P-29)
    • ESPS Bergantín (P-30)
  • Toralla-class Patrol Boat (2) - 1987
    • ESPS Toralla (P-81)
    • ESPS Formentor (P-82)
  • Serviola-class Patrol Boat (4) - 1991
    • ESPS Serviola (P-71)
    • ESPS Centinela (P-72)
    • ESPS Vigía (P-73)
    • ESPS Atalaya (P-74)
  • Chilreu-class Patrol Vessel (4) - 1992
    • ESPS Chilreu (P-61)
    • ESPS Alborán (P-62)
    • ESPS Arnomendi (P-63)
    • ESPS Tarifa (P-64)
  • Meteoro-class Offshore Patrol Vessel (4, 5 UC) - 2011
    • ESPS Meteoro (P-41)
    • ESPS Rayo (P-42)
    • ESPS Relámpago (P-43)
    • ESPS Tornado (P-44)
    • ESPS Audaz (P-45) - under construction
    • ESPS Furor (P-46) - under construction
    • ESPS Unnamed (P-47) - under construction
    • ESPS Unnamed (P-48) - under construction
    • ESPS Unnamed (P-49) - under construction
  • Huracán-class Offshore Patrol Vessel (5) - 2012
    • ESPS Huracán (P-45)
    • ESPS Granizada (P-46)
    • ESPS Tormenta (P-47)
    • ESPS Vendaval (P-48)
    • ESPS Marejada (P-49)

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