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Royal Netherlands Navy

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Naval Jack of the Netherlands

The naval jack of the Royal Netherlands Navy.

The Koninklijke Marine (Royal Netherlands Navy) is the navy of the Netherlands. During the 17th century the Dutch Navy was the most powerful navy in the world and it played an active role in the wars of the Dutch Republic and later those of the Batavian Republic and the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In recent times the Royal Netherlands Navy takes part in expeditionary peacekeeping and peace enforcing operations.

BasesEdit

The main naval base of the Royal Netherlands Navy is located in Den Helder, as is the Royal Netherlands Naval College. Secondary naval bases are located in Amsterdam, Vlissingen, Texel, and Willemstad. Netherlands Marine Corps barracks are located in Rotterdam, Doorn, Suffisant, and Savaneta.

HistoryEdit

Dutch Golden AgeEdit

The Dutch navy has a long history. It was involved in many wars against other European powers since the late 16th century, initially for independence against Spain in European waters, later for shipping lanes, trade and colonies in many parts of the world, notably in four Anglo-Dutch wars against the United Kingdom. During the 17th century the Dutch navy was the most powerful navy in the world. Throughout this period there were, in fact, not one single navy but instead five separate Admiralties (three of them in Holland, and one each in Friesland and Zeeland), each with its own ships, personnel and command structure.

World War IIEdit

During the Second World War, the Dutch navy was based in the Dutch East Indies and in other Allied countries after the Netherlands was conquered by Nazi Germany.

Dutch Navy commanders played a large role in the Pacific War. Admiral Karel Doorman was the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Line of Battle. A small force of submarines based in Western Australia sank more Japanese ships in the first weeks of the war than the entire British and American Navies together, an exploit which earned Admiral Helfrich the nickname "Ship-a-day Helfrich". Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was killed when the Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano, the largest carrier ever built at the time, was sunk by a Dutch Navy submarine, the HNLMS O-19.

FleetEdit

The Royal Netherlands Navy operates ten classes of warships along with several auxiliary vessels:

WarshipsEdit

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