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RCN Emblem

The badge of the Royal Canadian Navy.

RCN Blue Ensign

The ensign of the Royal Canadian Navy from 1957 onwards.

The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) (French: Marine Royale Canadienne) is the naval branch of Canada's armed forces. As of 2012 the RCN operates 112 warships and several auxiliary vessels.

Founded in 1910 as the Naval Service of Canada and given Royal Sanction in 1911, the RCN was placed under the Department of National Defence in 1923. Over the course of its history, the RCN has served in the First and Second World Wars and numerous League of Nations peacekeeping missions and Allied Pact operations.

EquipmentEdit

List of vesselsEdit

  • Magnificent-class (King George VI class) supercarrier (2) - 1986
    • HMCS Magnificent (NR C04)
    • HMCS Courageux (NR C05)
  • Enterprise-class aircraft carrier (1) - 2018
    • HMCS Enterprise (NR C06) - on sea trials
  • Bluenose-class (Albion class) landing platform dock (4) - 2003
    • HMCS Bluenose (L01)
    • HMCS Challenge (L02)
    • HMCS Glooscap (L03)
    • HMCS Venture (L04)
  • Terra Nova-class fast sealift ship (2) - 2007
    • HMCS Terra Nova (L05)
    • HMCS Laurentian (L06)
  • Vimy Ridge-class (Leviathan class) amphibious assault ship (2) - 2016
    • HMCS Vimy Ridge (L07)
    • HMCS Deep Water Bay (L08) - under construction
  • Nanook-class (Type 46) guided missile cruiser (4) - 2004
    • HMCS Nanook (CM C08)
    • HMCS Thunderbird (CM C09)
    • HMCS Amarok (CM C10)
    • Moqwaio (CM C11)
  • Fraser-class destroyer (4) - 2003
    • HMCS Fraser (DM C290)
    • HMCS Niagara (DM C291)
    • HMCS Severn (DM C292)
    • HMCS Chaudière (DM C293)
  • Columbia-class (Type 45) guided missile destroyer (6) - 2011
    • HMCS Columbia (DM C294)
    • HMCS Aurora (DM C295)
    • HMCS Niobe (DM C296)
    • HMCS Labrador (DM C297)
    • HMCS Assiniboine (DM C298)
    • HMCS Vancouver (DM C299)
  • Halifax-class guided missile frigate (16) - 1991
    • HMCS Halifax (FM C330)
    • HMCS Toronto (FM C331)
    • HMCS Victoria (FM C332)
    • HMCS Edmonton (FM C333)
    • HMCS Ville de Québec (FM C334)
    • HMCS St. John’s (FM C335)
    • HMCS Regina (FM C336)
    • HMCS Winnipeg (FM C337)
    • HMCS Charlottetown (FM C338)
    • HMCS Whitehorse (FM C339)
    • HMCS Yellowknife (FM C340)
    • HMCS Fredericton (FM C341)
    • HMCS Iqaluit (FM C342)
    • HMCS Ottawa (FM C343)
    • HMCS Montréal (FM C344)
    • HMCS Kelowna (FM C345)
  • Ontario-class (Trafalgar class) nuclear attack submarine (8) - 1995
    • HMCS Ontario (SN C15)
    • HMCS Okanagan (SN C16)
    • HMCS Okanagan (SN C17)
    • HMCS Oshawa (SN C18)
    • HMCS Onondaga (SN C19)
    • HMCS Oriflamme (SN C20)
    • HMCS Oceanic (SN C21)
    • HMCS Odyssey (SN C22)
  • Greenwich-class (Type 212B) hunter-killer submarine (12) - 2007
    • HMCS Greenwich (S C23)
    • HMCS Lethbridge (S C24)
    • HMCS Eastview (S C25)
    • HMCS Springhill (S C26)
    • HMCS Nanaimo (S C27)
    • HMCS London (S C28)
    • HMCS Red Deer (S C29)
    • HMCS Chicoutimi (S C30)
    • HMCS Swift Current (S C31)
    • HMCS Corner Brook (S C32)
    • HMCS Windsor (S C33)
    • HMCS Sherbrooke (S C34)
  • Mount Logan-class replenishment vessel (6) - 2001
    • HMCS Mount Logan (RO 513)
    • HMCS Fairweather Mountain (RO 514)
    • HMCS Kwatna Peak (RO 515)
    • HMCS Golden Hinde (RO 516)
    • HMCS Razorback Mountain (RO 517)
    • HMCS Tsaydaychuz Peak (RO 518)
  • Merciful-class hospital ship (1) – 2007
  • Spirit-class hospital ship (2) – 2012
    • HMCS Spirit (SHR 02)
    • HMCS Rescue (SHR 03)
  • Rankin Inlet-class (Polar 8) class heavy icebreaker (2) – 2014
    • HMCS Rankin Inlet (IBH-01)
    • HMCS Frobisher Bay (IBH-02)
  • Queenston-class fast combat support ship (2, 1 UC) – 2016
    • HMCS Queenston (ROE 519)
    • HMCS Châteauguay (ROE 520) - on sea trials
    • HMCS Crysler's Farm (ROE 521) - under construction
  • Protecteur-class fleet replenishment oiler (1 UC, 2 planned) – 2021
    • HMCS Protecteur (RO 522) - under construction
    • HMCS Preserver (RO 523) - planned for construction
    • HMCS Provider (RO 524) - planned for construction
  • Kingston-class minesweeper (16) – 1996
    • HMCS Kingston (M C700)
    • HMCS Glace Bay (M C701)
    • HMCS Dorchester (M C702)
    • HMCS Peterborough (M C703)
    • HMCS Shawinigan (M C704)
    • HMCS Prince Rupert (M C705)
    • HMCS Dawson (M C706)
    • HMCS Goose Bay (M C707)
    • HMCS Moncton (M C708)
    • HMCS Saskatoon (M C709)
    • HMCS Brandon (M C710)
    • HMCS Summerside (M C711)
    • HMCS Gatineau (M C712)
    • HMCS Inverness (M C713)
    • HMCS Oromocto (M C714)
    • HMCS Edmunston (M C715)
  • Battleford-class mine countermeasures vessel (14) - 2011
    • HMCS Battleford (M C716)
    • HMCS Drumheller (M C717)
    • HMCS Malton (M C718)
    • HMCS Parksville (M C719)
    • HMCS Selkirk (M C720)
    • HMCS Burnaby (M C721)
    • HMCS Mississauga (M C722)
    • HMCS Vaughn (M C723)
    • HMCS Medicine Hat (M C724)
    • HMCS Brampton (M C725)
    • HMCS Abbotsford (M C726)
    • HMCS Saguenay (M C727)
    • HMCS Hamilton (M C728)
    • HMCS Trois-Rivieres (M C729)
  • Orca-class patrol vessel (18) – 2004
    • HMCS Orca (PC-55)
    • HMCS Raven (PC-56)
    • HMCS Caribou (PC-57)
    • HMCS Renard (PC-58)
    • HMCS Wolf (PC-59)
    • HMCS Grizzly (PC-60)
    • HMCS Cougar (PC-61)
    • HMCS Dolphin (PC-62)
    • HMCS Heron (PC-63)
    • HMCS Coyote (PC-664)
    • HMCS Wolverine (PC-65)
    • HMCS Swordfish (PC-66)
    • HMCS Manta ray (PC-67)
    • HMCS Barracuda (PC-68)
    • HMCS Albatross (PC-69)
    • HMCS Beaver (PC-70)
    • HMCS Seal (PC-71)
    • HMCS Beluga (PC-72)
  • Cape Discovery-class high speed patrol boat (18) – 2015
    • HMCS Cape Discovery (PBHS-73)
    • HMCS Cape Victory (PBHS-74)
    • HMCS Cape Fox (PBHS-75)
    • HMCS Cape Storm (PBHS-76)
    • HMCS Cape Osprey (PBHS-77)
    • HMCS Cape Traverse (PBHS-78)
    • HMCS Cape Vision (PBHS-79)
    • HMCS Cape Hunter (PBHS-80)
    • HMCS Cape Runner (PBHS-81)
    • HMCS Cape Master (PBHS-82)
    • HMCS Cape Shark (PBHS-83)
    • HMCS Cape Orca (PBHS-84)
    • HMCS Cape Defender (PBHS-85)
    • HMCS Cape Walker (PBHS-86)
    • HMCS Cape Challenge (PBHS-87)
    • HMCS Cape Eagle (PBHS-88)
    • HMCS Cape Dolphin (PBHS-89)
    • HMCS Cape Battle (PBHS-90)
  • Harry DeWolf-class arctic patrol vessel (6) – 2018
    • HMCS Harry DeWolf (AP-91) - on sea trials
    • HMCS Margaret Brooke (AP-92) - fitting out
    • HMCS Max Bernays (AP-93) - under construction
    • HMCS William Hall (AP-94) - under construction
    • HMCS Frédérick Rolette (AP-95) - planned for construction
    • HMCS Robert Hampton Gray (AP-96) - planned for construction

Museum shipsEdit

The Royal Canadian Navy also maintains several museum ships in several locations throughout Canada.

Auxiliary vesselsEdit

The RCN operates auxiliary vessels to support the Canadian military. These vessels are not warships and do not carry the HMCS designation; instead, they are designated Canadian Auxiliary Vessel, CAV. Among the auxiliary ships operated by the Navy are sixteen Orca-class patrol training tenders, two Tillicum-class harbour tugs, ten Ville-class harbour tugs, ten Glen-class harbour tugs and four Fire-class fireboats.

AircraftEdit

CP-107 Argus

An RCN CP-107 Argus encounters an APN Burbank AF P-2/55h over the Caribbean in 1963.

The RCN's Naval Air Corps operates a large fleet of aircraft, including fixed-wing aircraft which operate from shore or from one of the Navy's aircraft carriers as well as helicopters. The FAA operates three Carrier Air Groups, primarily composed of Avro Canada-Supermarine Sea Typhoons, Supermarine Atlantis, and the Canadair Husky and Pathfinder; land based aircraft include the Canadair CP-140 Aurora; helicopters include the Westland Westminster, Bell CH-146 Griffon, BHI CH-148 Cyclone and NH90.

Fixed Wing AircraftEdit

  • CF-184 Rapier x 56 (Multirole Air Superiority Fighter)
  • CF-185 Typhoon x 106 (Multirole Fighter)
  • CU-164 Arctic Hawk x 16 (Long Range UAV)
  • CE-172B Pathfinder x 24 (AEW Aircraft)
  • CP-152 Atlantis x 52 (ASW Aircraft)
  • CP-140 Aurora x 36 (Maritime Patrol Aircraft)
  • CE-185 Thunderstorm x 36 (Electronic Warfare Aircraft)
  • CC-172A Husky x 18 (COD Aircraft)

Rotary Wing AircraftEdit

  • CH-146 Griffon x 26 (SAR/Utility Helicopter)
  • CH-147 Lion x 24 (Heavy Lift Transport Helicopter)
  • CH-148 Cyclone x 76 (ASW Helicopter)
  • CH-149 Cormorant x 34 (Maritime Helicopter)
  • CH-151 Labrador x 60 (Medium Lift Utility Helicopter)
  • CH-153 Westminster x 48 (Heavy Lift Helicopter)
  • CA-200 Scorpion x 64 (Attack Tiltrotor)

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