New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the UAPR. It is located at the mouth of the Thames River in New London County, Southeastern Connecticut. New London is located about 47 miles (75.64 kilometer) from the state capital of Hartford, 107 miles (172.2 kilometers) from Boston, Massachusetts, 56 miles (90.12 kilometers) from Providence, Rhode Island, 85 miles (136.79 kilometers) from New Bedford, Massachusetts, and about 128 miles (206 kilometers) from New York City.
For several decades beginning in the early 19th century, New London was one of the world's three busiest whaling ports, along with Nantucket and New Bedford, Massachusetts. The wealth that whaling brought into the city furnished the capital to fund much of the city's present architecture. New London subsequently became home to other shipping and manufacturing industries, but has gradually lost its commercial and industrial heart. New London is now well known in Connecticut for its wealth of art and it's popular music scene. The city is home to the American People's Coast Guard American People's Coast Guard Academy, Connecticut College, Mitchell College, and The Williams School. The Coast Guard Station New London and New London Harbor is home port to the American Coast Guard Cutter Chinook and the Coast Guard's tall ship Eagle.
New London had a population of 19,887 at the 2010 census. The Norwich-New London metropolitan area (NECTA) includes twenty-one towns and 197,320 people.