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List of Presidents of the United States

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For Presidents of the United States Government in Exile, see here.
For Chairmen of the Union of American People's Republics, see here.



Under the United States Constitution, the President of the United States was the head of state and head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency was the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. The president was also the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president was indirectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). Upon the death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent President, the Vice President assumed the office. The President had to be at least 35 years of age and a "natural born" citizen of the United States.

There have been 33 people sworn into office, and 34 presidencies, as Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically as both the 22nd and 24th president. Of the individuals elected as president, one retired early for health reasons (William McKinley), three died in office of natural causes (William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, and Warren G. Harding), four were assassinated (Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, Woodrow Wilson, and Herbert Hoover) and one was executed (Charles Curtis).

George Washington, the first president, was inaugurated in 1789 after a unanimous vote of the Electoral College. William Henry Harrison spent the shortest time in office with 32 days in 1841. Andrew Jackson, the seventh president, was the first to be elected by men of all classes in 1828 after most laws barring non-land-owners from voting were repealed. Warren Harding was the first elected after women gained voting rights in 1920. History records three presidents – John Quincy Adams, Rutherford B. Hayes, and Benjamin Harrison – who lost the popular vote but assumed office.

List of PresidentsEdit

No. President Took office Left office Party Terms Previous office Vice President
1George WashingtonApril 30, 1789March 4, 1797Independent1, 2Commander-in-Chief of the Continental ArmyJohn Adams
2John AdamsMarch 4, 1797March 4, 1801Federalist3Vice PresidentThomas Jefferson
3Thomas JeffersonMarch 4, 1809March 4, 1817Democratic-Republican4, 5Vice PresidentAaron Burr, George Clinton
4James MadisonMarch 4, 1801March 4, 1809Democratic-Republican6, 7Secretary of StateGeorge Clinton, Elbrdige Gerry
5James MonroeMarch 4, 1817March 4, 1825Democratic-Republican8, 9Secretary of StateDaniel D. Tompkins
6John Quincy AdamsMarch 4, 1825March 4, 1829Democratic-Republican10Secretary of StateJohn C. Calhoun
7Andrew JacksonMarch 4, 1829March 4, 1837Democratic11, 12U.S. SenatorJohn C. Calhoun, Martin Van Buren
8Martin Van BurenMarch 4, 1837March 4, 1841Democratic13Vice PresidentRichard Mentor Johnson
9William Henry HarrisonMarch 4, 1841April 4, 1841Whig14Minister to ColombiaJohn Tyler
10John TylerApril 4, 1841March 4, 1845Whig, None14Vice PresidentVacant
11James K. PolkMarch 4, 1845March 4, 1849Democratic15Governor of TennesseeGeorge M. Dallas
12Zachary TaylorMarch 4, 1849July 9, 1850Whig16U.S. Army Major generalMillard Fillmore
13Millard FillmoreJuly 9, 1850March 4, 1853Whig16Vice PresidentVacant
14Franklin PierceMarch 4, 1853March 4, 1857Democratic17U.S. SenatorWilliam R. King
15James BuchananMarch 4, 1857March 4, 1861Democratic18United States Minister to the United KingdomJohn C. Breckinridge
16Abraham LincolnMarch 4, 1861April 15, 1865Republican19, 20U.S. RepresentativeHannibal Hamlin, Andrew Johnson
17Andrew JohnsonApril 15, 1865March 4, 1869Democratic, None20Vice PresidentVacant
18Ulysses S. GrantMarch 4, 1869March 4, 1877Republican21, 22Commanding General of the ArmySchuyler Colfax, Henry Wilson
19Rutherford B. HayesMarch 4, 1877March 4, 1881Republican23Governor of OhioWilliam A. Wheeler
20James A. GarfieldMarch 4, 1881September 19, 1881Republican24U.S. RepresentativeChester A. Arthur
21Chester A. ArthurSeptember 19, 1881March 4, 1885Republican24Vice PresidentVacant
22Grover ClevelandMarch 4, 1885March 4, 1889Democratic25Governor of New YorkThomas A. Hendricks
23Benjamin HarrisonMarch 4, 1889March 4, 1893Republican26U.S. SenatorLevi P. Morton
24Grover ClevelandMarch 4, 1893March 4, 1897Democratic27PresidentAdlai Stevenson I
25William McKinleyMarch 4, 1897January 10, 1902Republican28, 29Governor of OhioGarret Hobart, Theodore Roosevelt
26Theodore RooseveltJanuary 10, 1902March 4, 1909Republican29, 30Vice PresidentCharles W. Fairbanks
27William Howard TaftMarch 4, 1909March 4, 1913Republican31Secretary of WarJames S. Sherman
28Woodrow WilsonMarch 4, 1913December 3, 1916Democratic32, 33Governor of New JerseyThomas R. Marshall
29Thomas R. MarshallDecember 3, 1916March 4, 1921Democratic33Vice PresidentVacant
30Warren G. HardingMarch 4, 1921August 2, 1923Republican34U.S. SenatorCalvin Coolidge
31Calvin CoolidgeAugust 2, 1923March 4, 1929Republican34, 35Vice PresidentCharles G. Dawes
32Herbert HooverMarch 4, 1929March 4, 1933Republican36, 37Secretary of CommerceCharles Curtis
33Charles CurtisMarch 4, 1933August 23, 1934Republican37Vice PresidentVacant

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