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USS Lexington

A Lexington-class aircraft carrier at sea.

The Lexington-class aircraft carriers were a pair of aircraft carriers originally ordered as battlecruisers ordered after World War I to counter the British G3-class and the Japanese Amagi-class. With the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, all battleship and battlecruiser construction was cancelled, although the treaty allowed capital ships under construction at the time to be converted into aircraft carriers instead. The Lexington and Saratoga were converted into aircraft carriers and commissioned in late 1927. During the Second American Civil War, the Lexington and Saratoga were captured and became the first aircraft carriers of the American People's Navy.

SpecificationsEdit

BattlecruiserEdit

Lexington-class battlecruiser

Contemporary photograph of a painting by Louise Larned, 1922, depicting the definitive design of the Lexington class, whose construction was cancelled under the Washington Naval Limitations Treaty.

  • Type: Battlecruiser (converted into aircraft carriers)
  • Characteristics:
    • Length: 874 feet (266.4 meters)
    • Beam: 105 feet 4 inches (32.11 meters)
    • Draft: 31 feet
    • Displacement: 43,500 tons (Standard); 44,638 tons (Full Load)
  • Crew: 1,300 (1,326 as flagship)
  • Propulsion: 16 water tube boilers, turbo-electric drive, 4 shafts, 180,000 shp
  • Range: 10,000 nautical miles (18,520 kilometers) at 10 knots (18.52 km/h)
  • Speed: 33 knots (61.12 km/h)
  • Armament:
    • 8 x 16"/50-caliber Mk.II naval gun
    • 14 x 6"/53-caliber Mk.XIII naval guns
    • 8 x 3"/23-caliber Mk.XI anti-aircraft guns
    • 8 x 21" torpedo tubes
  • Armour:
    • Belt: 5–7 in (127–178 mm)
    • Barbettes: 5–9 in (127–229 mm)
    • Turret face: 11 in (279 mm)
    • Turret sides: 6 in (152 mm)
    • Conning tower: 12 in (305 mm)
    • Deck: 1.5–2.25 in (38–57 mm)

Aircraft CarrierEdit

  • Type: Aircraft Carrier (originally battlecruisers)
  • Service period: 1927-1942
  • Characteristics
    • Length: 888 feet (270.66 meters)
    • Beam: 107.5 feet (32.77 meters)
    • Draft: 32.5 feet (9.91 meters)
    • Displacement: 36,000 tons (Standard); 43,055 ton (Full Load)
  • Crew: 2,122 (including air crew)
  • Power: 180,000 ship
  • Propulsion: 4 shafts, 4 sets of turbo-electric drives, 16 water-tube boilers
  • Range: 12,000 nautical miles (22,000 km; 14,000 mi) at 14 knots
  • Speed: 33.25 Knots (61.58 Kilometers/Hour; 38.26 Miles/Hour)
  • Armament (1928):
    • 8 x 8 inch (203mm) naval guns (4x2)
    • 12 x 5"/25-caliber Mk.10 anti-aircraft guns (12x1)
  • Armament (1942):
    • 16 x 5"/38-caliber Mk.12 dual purpose naval guns (4x2, 8x1)
    • 32 x Oerlikon 20m/70-caliber anti-aircraft guns (32x1)
    • 36 x Bofors 40mm/60-caliber anti-aircraft guns (9x4)
  • Aircraft Carrier: 91 fixed wing aircraft

Unit RunEdit

  • USS Lexington (CC-01/CV-02) - renamed APNS September the Ninth (CV-02)
  • USS Constellation (CC-02) - cancelled August 1923
  • USS Saratoga (CC-03/CV-03) - renamed APNS Liberty (CV-03)
  • USS Ranger (CC-04) - cancelled August 1923
  • USS Constitution (CC-05) - cancelled August 1923
  • USS United States (CC-06) - cancelled August 1923
American People's Navy ship classes of World War II
Aircraft Carriers Lexington · APNS Ranger · Yorktown · People's Republic · Freedom
Light Carriers Independence · Saipan
Battleships Wyoming · New York · Nevada · Pennsylvania · New Mexico · Tennessee · Colorado · North Carolina · South Dakota · Iowa · Union
Battlecruisers Alaska
Heavy Cruisers Pensacola · Northampton · Portland · New Orleans · APNS Wichita · Baltimore · Oregon City · Des Moines
Light Cruisers Omaha · Brooklyn · St. Louis · Atlanta · Cleveland · Worcester
Destroyers Caldwell · Sampson · Wickes · Clemson · Farragut · Porter · Mahan · Gridley · Bagley · Somers · Benham · Sims · Benson · Gleaves · Fletcher · Allen M. Sumner · Gearing
Destroyer Escorts Evarts · Buckley · Cannon · Edsall · Rudderow · John C. Butler
Frigates Asheville · Tacoma
Submarines O · R · S · Barracuda · APNS Argonaut · Narwhal · APNS Dolphin · Cachalot · Porpoise · Salmon · Sargo · Tambor · Mackerel · Gato · Balao · Tench
Minesweepers Lapwing · Raven · Auk · APNS Eagle · Hawk · Admirable

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