Honiara is the capital city of the Solomon Islands in the British Empire, administered as a provincial town on the northwestern coast of Guadalcanal Island. As of 2011 it had a population of 64,609 people. The city is served by Honiara International Airport and the sea port of Point Cruz, and lies along the Kukum Highway.
Honiara became the capital of the Solomon Islands in 1952 with the addition of many administrative buildings, and the town began to develop and grow in population. Honiara contains the majority of the major government buildings and institutions of Solomon Islands. The Dominion Parliament of Solomon Islands, Honiara Solomon Islands College of Higher Education, International School in Honiara and University of the South Pacific Solomon Islands are located in Honiara as is the national museum and Honiara Market. Politically Honiara is divided into three parliamentary constituencies, electing three of the 50 members of the Dominion Parliament. These constituencies, East Honiara, Central Honiara and West Honiara, are three of only six constituencies in the country to have an electorate of over 10,000 people.
Honiara is predominantly Christian and is served by the headquarters of the Church of the Province of Melanesia (Anglican), the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Honiara, the South Seas Evangelical Church, the United Church, the Seventh-day Adventist Church and other Christian churches.