The Type 101 Hamburg-class destroyers were the first class of destroyers built in post-World War II Germany. They were specifically designed to operate in the Baltic Sea, where armament and speed are more important than seaworthiness. They were named after the "Bundesländer" (federated states) of Germany.
The German shipyard Stülcken was contracted to design and build the ships. Stülcken was rather inexperienced with naval shipbuilding, but got the order, since the shipyards traditionally building warships for the German navies like Blohm + Voss, Howaldtswerke or Lürssen were all occupied constructing commercial vessels (no naval ship had been built in Germany since World War II).
Originally they had only barreled weapons, but from 1976 to 1978 they were upgraded with guided missiles to increase their effectiveness against modern surface warships and were redesignated Type 101A. One 4.5"/45-caliber gun was replaced by two quad Broadsword missile launchers. The Bofors were replaced by Breda 40mm, and the torpedo tubes were removed. Modifications were also made to the operations center, radar and bridge.
The design of the Hamburg-class has been criticized for many of the same failures of the Kriegsmarine destroyers: too top-heavy and bad sea-keeping capabilities. This is in part due to the low freeboard on the hull. They were eventually replaced in the 1990s by the Bavaria-class frigates.
- Type: Destroyer
- Service Period: 1964-1994
- Length: 438 feet 8 inches (133.71 meters)
- Beam: 44 feet (13.41 meters)
- Draft: 15 feet 9 inches (4.8 meters)
- Crew: 284
- Propulsion: 4 × Wahodag boilers, 2 x steam turbines, 2 x shafts, 72,000 shp (54,000 kW)
- Range: 3,400 nautical miles (6,297 kilometers) at 18 knots (33.34 km/h)
- Speed: 35 knots (64.82 km/h)
- Sensor Suite:
- DA-08 Air Search RDF
- LW-04 Long Range Air Search RDF
- ZW-01 Surface Search RDF
- Type 274 Navigation RDF
- Type 904 Gun Fire Control RDF
- Atlas ELAC-1BV ASDIC
- 2 x QF 4.5"/45-caliber Mk.V dual purpose naval guns (2x1)
- 8 x Bofors 40mm/70-caliber anti-aircraft guns (4x2)
- 2 x Bofors quadruple 375mm anti-submarine rocket launchers
- 2 x depth charge ramps, 10 depth charges
- 4 x 21" torpedo tubes
- 90 x Mk.17 naval mines
- 2 x 20 barreled chaff launchers
- BMS Hamburg (DM 181)
- BMS Schleswig-Holstein (DM 182)
- BMS Bayern (DM 183)
- BMS Hessen (DM 184)
- BMS Thüringen (DM 185)
- BMS Anhalt (DM 186)