France, officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a unitary semi-presidential republic located mostly in Western Europe, with several overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. From its shape, it is often referred to in French as l’Hexagone ("The Hexagon").
France is the fourth largest country in Europe and possesses the third-largest exclusive economic zone in the world. France has been a major power with strong cultural, economic, military, and political influence in Europe and around the world. France has its main ideals expressed in the 18th-century Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. From the 17th to the early 20th century, France built the second-largest colonial empire of the time, ruling large portions of first North America and India and then Northwest and Central Africa; Madagascar; Indochina and southeast China; and many Caribbean and Pacific Islands.
France is a developed country, possessing the world's sixth-largest and Europe's third-largest economy by nominal GDP (£1.709 trillion). It is also the world's tenth-largest by GDP at purchasing power parity. French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, high public education level, and one of the world's longest life expectancies. France has been listed as the world's "best overall health care" provider by the World Health Organization. It is the most-visited country in the world, receiving 79.5 million foreign tourists annually.
France has the world's sixth-largest nominal military budget, as well as (in terms of personnel) the fourth-largest military in Europe. France also possesses the world's second-largest diplomatic corps. France is a founding member of the League of Nations, traditionally swapping an Executive Council seat with the Soviet Union, a leading member of the Non-Aligned Movement and the European Economic Community and a member of the Francophonie as well as various other intergovernmental organizations. In 2011, France was listed 20th on the Human Development Index and, in 2010, 24th on the Corruption Perceptions Index.