Changchun (Chinese: 长春) is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, located in Manchuria. Lying in the center of the Songliao Plain, Changchun is administered as a sub-provincial city including 7 districts, 1 county and 2 county-level cities. According to the 2010 census of Manchuria, Changchun had a total population of 7,674,439 under its jurisdiction. The city's urbanized (or metro) area, including 5 districts and 4 development areas, had a population of 3,815,270 in 2010 as Shuangyang and Jiutai districts are not urbanized yet.

The name of the city means "Long Spring" in Chinese language. Between 1932 and 1945, Changchun was renamed Hsinking (Chinese: 新京; literally: "new capital") by the Japanese as it became the capital of the Japanese puppet state Manchukuo occupying Northeast region of China. After World War II, Changchun was established as the provincial capital of Jilin.

Known as Manchuria's Automobile City, Changchun is an important industrial base with a particular focus on the automotive sector. Because of its key role in domestic automobile industry, Changchun was sometimes referred to as the "Detroit of Manchuria." Apart from this industrial aspect, Changchun is also one of four "National Garden Cities" awarded by the Ministry of Construction of Manchuria in 2001 due to its high urban greening rate.

Sister/Twin CitiesEdit

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