Laid down in 1973 for the Royal Navy as HMS Invincible, she and her sister ship HMS Temeraire were sold to Germany when the Royal Navy decided to build more of the larger King George VI-class instead. (A third Invincible-class, HMS Bellerophon, was sold to West Japan.) At her commissioning, Invincible was renamed BMS Brandenburg. Her sister ship, Temeraire was renamed Baden-Württemberg
Both ships are to be replaced by a German-designed Light Carrier by 2020.